Demo areas

Castille and Leon, Spain

As climate change threatens their native habitats, brown bears have become a priority in conservation. In Spain’s region of Castille and Leon, SUPERB will enlarge wildlife corridors for these majestic, iconic animals by restoring degraded forests.

Header Demo Areas
Illustration group of trees

About the demo

Recurrent fires have turned shrublands, grasslands and open forests inappropriate for brown bear dispersion from breeding sites. Forest fires are becoming more frequent due, in parts, to a lack of forest management caused by increasing rural depopulation. Adding to the problem, a nearby highway creates a barrier to bear migration towards the west, in the direction of Galicia and Portugal.

In these areas, SUPERB will plant mixed forests with species suitable for bear feeding, restore low quality oak forests and contribute to rural development with chestnut plantations. One of our challenges will be implementing cost-effective restoration in a large area of up to 5.000 ha.

Restoration activities



Stakeholder engagement

Stakeholder engagement

Hydrology restoration

Promoting natural regeneration

Advanced monitoring


Habitat restoration for specific species

Enhancing forest connectivity

Enhancing structural diversity

Tree species diversification

Illustration tree



Area size

Type of restoration:

We will be planting climate-adapted, mixed species to create regeneration-prone forest patches and enlarge brown bear corridors. We will also restore low quality oak forests through tree thinning treatments to improve brown bear habitats. In addition, we will integrate productive chestnut plantations into the landscape and engage rural populations in restoration activities.

How the demo is now:

We have open and degraded forests of Quercus pyrenaica. Recurrent fires and rural abandonment are the main constraints at the landscape level, as well as the A6 motorway as a barrier for bear migration.

Restoration vision:

While we will enhance biodiversity through wildlife corridors, chestnut plantations and roundwood production will serve as economic pillars for rural development.

Restoration upscaling potential (within and beyond SUPERB):

Long-term restoration of 5.000 ha will happen through the upscaling of activities implemented initially in 205 ha within SUPERB.



Restoration work plan


Forest fires, field recorders, and four females

Forest fires, field recorders, and four females

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