Demo areas

Făgăraș mountains, Romania

Primary forests are precious ecosystems with a unique value for biodiversity conservation. They are also extremely rare in Europe, representing only 0,7% of the continent’s forested area. Some of the last European large old-growth forests can be found in the Carpathian Mountains, where the SUPERB Romanian demo is located.

Header Demo Areas
Illustration group of trees

About the demo

SUPERB’s goal is to connect forest fragments in the Făgăraș Mountains, the highest mountain range of the Southern Carpathians. The project will establish buffer zones in neighboring managed forests to protect old-growth forests and create a safe environment for species such as large carnivores.


The sites across the demo area are owned by the Foundation Conservation Carpathia (FCC), active in both conservation and restoration programmes. FCC also acts to create a new and non-destructive economy around the Făgăraș Mountains for the benefit of local communities.

Restoration activities

Planting

Planting

Stakeholder engagement

Stakeholder engagement

Promoting natural regeneration

Promoting natural regeneration

Protecting regeneration

Protecting regeneration

Illustration tree

2,900

ha

Area size

Type of restoration:

To increase the naturalness of buffer zones of primary forests, we will initiate the coming back of natural forests in 100 hectares of spruce monocultures and apply a second intervention in more than 300 hectares of spruce monocultures. With single-tree selection, group selection, conversion of spruce to mixed species, larger snag densities, and the creation of a multi-layered canopy at the stand level, foresters can accelerate the development of suitable natural forest habitats. Restoration of upper timberline (Arolla pine – Pinus cembra forests) is also needed. Historically, large areas of mountain pine (Pinus mugo) forests were burned by shepherds and only small fragments remained. Restoration of mix high-altitude spruce and Arolla pines protected habitats and Pinus mugo scrubs will be done in the upper timberline and nearby, in alpine pastures.

How the demo is now:

Currently, the demo area is characterised by a combination of primary, restored and degraded forests where restoration actions are conducted by FCC.

Restoration vision:

Increased naturalness levels will generate positive effects on water quality and food abundance for wildlife, leading to a decrease in conflicts between human populations and large carnivores. The restoration measures will be complemented by the provision of support to ecological tourism, with the renovation of a cabin in Valea Vladului to be used as a field station for researchers, education programmes and guided tours.

Restoration upscaling potential (within and beyond SUPERB):

Max. 20.000 ha.

Partners

News

New publication: Policy responses to the Ukraine crisis threaten European biodiversity

New publication: Policy responses to the Ukraine crisis threaten European biodiversity

Jun 1, 2022

SUPERB researchers Niels Strange from University of Copenhagen and Joseph William Bull from Kent University have recently contributed to the “Correspondence” section in the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution, elaborating…

Wrap-up: What science can tell us about forest biodiversity in Europe & Launching of SUPERB

Wrap-up: What science can tell us about forest biodiversity in Europe & Launching of SUPERB

May 25, 2022

The ThinkForest science-policy event organised within the #EUGreenWeek on 30 May in Sibiu, Romania, focused on forest biodiversity and forest restoration while marking the official launch of SUPERB. SUPERB, Europe’s…